Xerostomia, the subjective complaint of dry mouth, and hyposalivation remain a significant burden for many individuals. Diagnosis of. Saliva is a complex oral secretion, which producd by major and minor salivary glans about liters in 24 hours. In the oral cavity, saliva has several important. Xerostomia is a subjective sensation of a dry mouth which is a common complaint among older This article presents an overview of the Xerostomia and .

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The evaluation consisted of five measurements for each thermal threshold, and the means and standard deviations were considered for the analysis.

Weber J, Keating Xsrostomia. Xerostomia and salivary hypofunction in vulnerable elders: Have your say For commenting, please login or register as a user and agree to our Community Guidelines. There are a wide range of potential causes of xerostomia [8]including:. A possible explanation is that older individuals take several xerogenic drugs for their chronic conditions and this may lead to an overall reduction of the unstimulated salivary flow rate.

Os pacientes foram avaliados antes e depois do tratamento: When salivary flow is diminished, it may express disorder in the form of xerostomia or oral dryness.

Dry mouth: advice and management

One of the most widely accepted theories is that there is disinhibition of the trigeminal nerve due to partial or total loss of jjrnal tympani facial nerve function 6. Quantitative sensory testing QST. Interventions for the management of dry mouth: In conclusion, there were no differences between the groups; both showed an association between improvement and salivation following oral cavity hydration, regardless of the makeup of the treatment.


Clinical study of patients with persistent orofacial pain. Effect of chlorhexidine gluconate mouth wash on the plaque microflora in children using intra oral appliances.

Diagnosis and management of xerostomia and hyposalivation

Eur J Oral Sci. Thomson et al Xylitol-containing products for preventing dental caries in children xerostimia adults. Warm detection did not show differences at the re-evaluation Figure 2. A comparative study of the effects of yohimbine and anetholtrithione on salivary secretion in depressed patients treated with psychotropic drugs.

The role of xerostomia in burning mouth syndrome: a case-control study

Side effects are common and dose-dependent. Archs Pediats Adol Med ; Also lemon lozenge use in individuals with xerostomia did not show any increase in salivary flow when compared to baseline paraffin-stimulated mean judnal rate and the gum-stimulated flow rates.

Xerostomia can be subjective, especially when patients feel that their mouth is dry, but clinical examination does not reveal any abnormality or cause.

The limitations of this study are the loss of part of the sample, which was small. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; Ear Nose Throat J. Pilocarpine and cevimeline are two systemic US Food and Drug Administration-approved sialogogues xefostomia treatment of dry mouth.

Diagnosis and management of xerostomia and hyposalivation

This was a randomized, double-blind clinical trial conducted between August and February Acta Dermato Venereol Suppl Stockholm ; The diagnostic suitability of a xerostomia questionnaire and the association between xerostomia, hyposalivation and medication use in a group of nursing home residents. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.


J Intern Med ; Although the evidence available is limited, with patients on medications known to induce salivary gland xerotomia, a treatment alternative includes decreasing the dosage of the medications or potentially replacing the medications with less xerogenic drugs.

Pilocarpine is also contraindicated in xerostomja with narrow-angle glaucoma and iritis, and should be used with caution in individuals with chronic pulmonary disease, asthma, or cardiovascular diseases. The diagnosis of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction requires a thorough medical history.

Changes in medications Although the evidence available xerostoomia limited, with patients on medications known to induce salivary gland hypofunction, a treatment alternative includes decreasing the dosage of the medications or potentially replacing the medications with less xerogenic drugs.

Salivary flow rate and clinical xeroatomia of patients with xerostomia according to its aetiology. First, cold was tested, then warm. Explains the methodology and requirements of pre-clinical safety assessments of new medicines.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ;42 4: The probes were used in the perpendicular position on the area to be tested.

The premise of treating oral dryness is to conserve, stimulate and replace saliva. Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; The evaluation started with the quantitative non-stimulated salivary flow by the following method: Salivary glands and the aging process: Sugar-free gum is also recommended for the management of dry mouth.

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