It was established by the Gram Nyayalayas Act, Gram Nyayalayas are mobile village courts in India established for speedy and easy access to justice. (1) For the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a Gram Nyayalaya by this Act, the State Government, after consultation with the High. Keywords: nyaya panchayats, alternate disputes redessal, gram nyayalaya act. 1. Introduction. Some form of village self-government seems to have some form.

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The Gram Nyayalaya shall follow summary procedure in criminal trial.

Gram Nyayalayas – General Knowledge Today

Provided that where the Gram Nyayalaya decides to hold mobile court outside its headquarters, it nyayallaya give wide publicity as to the date and place where it proposes to hold mobile court. Copies of Notification yet to be received. Besides, inadequate infrastructure, non-availability of judicial officers to function as Gram Nyayadhikaries and problem of concurrent jurisdiction of regular courts were also impeding the speedy operationalization of the scheme.

That is how the Centre decided to set up 5, gram nyayalayas. The Act of does not adopt this proposal entirely, but instead clearly delineates the subject matter jurisdiction of Gram Nyaualaya in both criminal as well as civil cases in its First and Second Schedules respectively, while allowing the High Court to prescribe pecuniary limits.

The Centre would fund half of the recurring cost for the first three years. Qualifications for appointment of Nyayadhikari. The policy makers need to review, reflect and act upon the suggestions offered by stakeholders and firmly resolve to fulfil the mandate of Sec 39 A. Jurisdiction of Gram Nyayalaya.

Gram Nyayalayas

A Gram Nyayalaya is established for every Panchayat at intermediate level or a group of contiguous Panchayats at intermediate level in a district.

It was envisaged that the Central government would fund the initial costs in terms of non- recurring expenses for setting up these courts with an assistance limited to Rs.

The Department-Related Parliamentary Standing Committee, in its report to Parliament, expressed dismay that the Gram Nyayalayas which were supposed to usher in a revolution at the lowest level of the judicial system were being held back because of fund sharing problem between the Central and the State Governments. These range from procedural aspects such as ambiguity about its jurisdiction, absence of alternative methods of dispute resolution like conciliation or plea, etc, to substantive issues like part-time nature of Gram Nyayalayas, absence of a separate cadre of Gram Nyayadhikari, inadequate infrastructure and security, lack of seriousness and lukewarm response of the Public Prosecutors and lawyers, reluctance of police officials and other State functionaries to invoke the jurisdiction of Gram Nyayalayas, etc.


An Act to provide for the establishment of Gram Nyayalayas at the grass roots level for the purposes of providing access to justice to the citizens at their doorsteps and to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of social, economic or other disabilities and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Power of High Court to make rules.

Where are rural courts?

It is unfortunate that even after eight years of the Act’s enactment and the Standing Congmmittee’s stingi observations, the implementation left to the States, has been dismal across the country. Common Cause has accessed this report which reveal the glaring inadequacies in the functioning of the Act in these trophy states.

Most of the states have expressed their dissatisfaction at the inadequate amount of funds and land allocation for the establishment of Gram Nyayalayas. However, some of the Gram Nyayadhikaris opined that creation of such a separate cadre might not be advisable due to the absence of chances of promotion.

Provision also has to be made for providing adequate security. The atc of cases disposed by Gram Nyayalayas is negligible and that they do not make any substantial difference in the overall pendency in the subordinate courts. An emphasis on speedy disposal alone raised concerns about the objective of these institutions- whether to manage the arrears of the cases or gra enable better access to the litigants?

But these calculations are wide of the mark, according to the estimates of parliamentary standing committee which discussed the Bill in Sub-section 7 provides that the proceedings shall, as far as practicable, be consistent with the interests of justice and the hearing shall be continued on a day-to-day basis until its conclusion, unless the Gram Nyayalaya finds the adjournment of the hearing beyond the following day to be necessary for reasons to be recorded in writing.


Many of the stakeholders including the litigants, lawyers, police officers and others are not even aware about the existence of Gram Nyayalayas in the district court premises and no conferences or seminars have been organized for creating awareness about this institution. You can further help us by making a donation. Maharashtra 10 Gram Nyayalayas have been notified.

Further, the spirit of the legislation requires that as far as possible Gram Nyayalayas should be established where it would be of maximum utility to the villagers. Gram Nyayalayas have been established on part-time basis weekly once or twice and are not in addition to the existing courts. Conduct of cases in Gram Nyayalaya and legal aid to parties. nayalaya

Yet to become operational. Free for one month and pay only if you like it. Above ach else they need concrete, well planned and continuous efforts to make them work. Madhya Pradesh, one of the first few states to implement the law, has mandated two court sessions a week.

Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Salary, allowances and other terms and conditions of service of Nyayadhikari. Sub-section 8 provides that the Gram Nyayalaya shall dispose of the application made under sub-section 1 within a period of six months from the date of its institution. The seat of the Gram Nyayalaya is located at the headquarters of the intermediate Panchayat, but the Judicial Officers are supposed to go to the njayalaya, work there and dispose of the cases.

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