Psychometric validation of Fuld Object Memory Evaluation in older adults with cognitive impairments. Ho RTH(1)(2)(3), Fong TCT(1)(2), Hon. OBJECTIVES: Fuld Object Memory Evaluation (FOME) evaluates the episodic memory functions of encoding, storage, and recall across five recall trials and a. In this study the authors investigated the usefulness of the Fuld Object-Memory Evaluation (OME) as a culture-fair screen for dementia. Because the OME uses.

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Our results corroborate a previous study, which showed that the FOME was a good test for assessing older people with few years of schooling The statistical analysis was based on the crude means and standard deviations SD of the FOME scores and on the frequencies and percentages of socio-demographic variables. Our hypothesis was that evaluatuon who had less education would perform worse than those who had more years of education, younger subjects would perform better than older subjects, and sex would have no effect on performance.

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. This preliminary study reports the first known psychometric data on the development of an alternate form of the FOME. Hopkins verbal learning test-revised rvaluation brief visuospatial memory test-revised: Bayer-Activities of Daily Living Scale.

Table 2 shows the mean and standard deviation SD of the FOME scores, immediate total recall, delayed recall, recognition and verbal fluency scores between sex. For descriptive purposes, years of education were divided into four groups, and age was divided into three age ranges. The FOME total retrieval TR score and delayed recall DR score demonstrated good discriminative power in differentiating dementia from normal cognitive functioning, with area under the curve values of 0.

Table 4 shows mean and SD for the FOME scores, immediate total recall, delayed recall, recognition and verbal fluency scores in the three different education levels.

Normative data of Fuld Object Memory Evaluation test for brazilian elderly population

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th ed. Delayed recall is the number of items remembered spontaneously after an interval. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. This study aims to present normative data for Fuld Object Memory Evaluation test stratified by memor, gender, age, and education for the Brazilian elderly population.

The fuld object-memory evaluation: development and validation of an alternate form.

J Int Neuropsychol Soc. The test-retest reliability and parallel-form reliability of FOME were excellent, with Intraclass Correlation Coefficients ranging from 0.

The normative sample consisted of 2, older subjects with normal cognitive performance selected as part of a two-phase epidemiological study to investigate the prevalence of dementia in a community-based sample in Sao Paulo and Ribeirao Preto, Brazil. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. Then, blocks of 10 homes were randomly chosen in each of the 90 selected census sectors. Sex did not present significant interactions with sex and education.


The interviewers tried at least three times to evaluate the elderly subjects at home before they were considered to have refused. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord.

A flexible and beneficial instrument to assess memory would provide a better ability to aid in the early diagnosis of dementia, especially if the instrument is not very long or difficult and has instructions that are easy to understand. Statistical analyses were performed by independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance and multiple linear regression.

A different reaction is frequently observed for word list tests, in that patients sometimes refuse to perform them. In general, females presented higher scores except in verbal fluency animal and sad, and recognition. However, no significant influence of sex was observed Performance of illiterate and literate nondemented elderly subjects in two tests of long-term memory.

All individuals with positive screenings for dementia and depression and a random sample of negative screenings were invited for the second phase, where clinical evaluation and diagnosis were achieved by the consensus of at least two physicians and consistency with the DSM-IV American Psychiatric Association, 19 evalaution for psychiatric diagnosis.

Performance of Brazilian long short IQcode on the screening of dementia in elderly people with low education.

Statistical analysis The statistical analysis was based on the crude means and standard deviations SD of the FOME scores and on the frequencies and percentages of socio-demographic variables.

On the contrary, they enjoy the test. Verbal learning and everyday functional in dementia: The authors objech no conflict of interest.

Clinically significant depressive evalyation and associated factors in a community sample of elderly subjects from Sao Paulo, Brazil. Regarding the influence of sex on the episode memory test, this result was not expected based on results reported in the literature 26 Another reason supporting its use is that it is a memory test during which even very elderly patients with significant memory problems and individuals with very low formal education typically do not complain or show anxiety.

A clustered random sampling of a population evaluatiln individuals aged 60 years old and older from three different socioeconomic classes upper, mrmory and low was used, following official census data 11 Our results regarding memory are in accordance with previous findings from Brazilian studies, evaluatino also showed the influence of education and age on episodic memory tests. The ruld parameters were applied: It has been incorporated in dementia research in different countries in populations with different durations of formal education as a measure of overall recall because it has simple instructions and seems easier to the patients because they objecy and see the objects that must be memorised, and the objects are very simple and well known 45678.


We analysed the performance of a Brazilian community-based sample of older subjects drawn from two Brazilian cities on the FOME test. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work memor properly cited.

Then, a multiple choice recognition task is elicited only for those items not recalled. Services on Demand Journal. The performance of the FOME was not influenced by the educational level. In Ribeirao Preto, a sample of 1, subjects were approached, of whom 1, agreed to participate subjects refused to participate; rate of attrition: Brazilian data indicate that education egaluation no influence on the FOME exit score, and these data might be explained by sample characteristics, such as smaller sizes and less heterogeneity regarding education attainment compared to the present community-based sample 28 September 11, ; Accepted: The patient name each object and then pulls it out of the bag to see if he was right.

To identify the simultaneous effect of education, age and sex on the FOME scores, a multiple linear regression analysis was performed and is displayed in Table 6. Table 3 shows the mean and SD of the FOME scores, immediate total recall, delayed recall, recognition and verbal fluency scores in the three different age groups. Another study that assessed verbal and visual episodic memory in a sample of the Brazilian population found that age ebaluation years of education had a significant influence on the tests results.

The greatest difficulties in assessing the memory of older subjects regarding the clinical diagnosis of dementia or MCI occur when the subjects evaluated are illiterate, have minimal formal education, or already have duld memory deficits. The sample had a mean age of

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