Fior di Battaglia: MS Ludwig XV 13 – J. Paul Getty Museum Fior di Battaglia: M. – Pierpoint Morgan Library Flos Duellatorum: Pisani-Dossi MS -Private. The Flower of Battle (Flos Duellatorum in Latin or Fior di Battaglia in Italian) XV 13; Morgan Library M; a copy privately held by the Pisani-Dossi family; and. Aug 16, Flos Duellatorum (“The Flower of Battle”, Pisani-Dossi MS) is an Italian fencing manual authored by Fiore de’i Liberi and dated 10 February

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It is among the most complete presentations from the period of an integrated combat method of armed and unarmed, armored and unarmored, foot and mounted combat. Fencing manual Wrestling manual. This raises the question about whether Nicolo was Fiore’s Patron, or perhaps he was one of Fiore’s students, and wielded enough power and resources to request a copy of the art for his own reference to armizare?

And of a spear or sword that is thrown at me, I will beat them all as I have said passing out of the way. This is the longest and most comprehensive of the four manuscripts of Fior di Battaglia. And with this pass I dhellatorum beating the sword and I find you uncovered and of striking you I will be cer- tain.

Depending on the instance, this may either be intentional or merely an error in the art. Digital scans x Digital scans details. He also writes of meeting many “false” or unworthy masters who lacked even the limited skill he’d expect in a good student, [6] and mentions that on five separate occasions he was forced to fight duels for his honor against certain of these masters whom he described as envious because he refused to teach them his art; the duels were all fought with sharp longswordsunarmored except for gambesons and chamois glovesand he stated that he won each without injury.

Views Read View source View history. Retrieved from ” https: This particular play has often been misinterpreted as the master, possessing the skills of the art is able to face three fighters at the same time.


Languages Italiano Edit links. Look at them I pray to you, and therefore with the sword of one hand I will make my art.

This is the briefest copy of Fiore’s work currently known, with only 19 folios; it has a prologue in Italian and four illustrated figures per page in the main body. Mounted fencing by Fiore de’i Liberi.

Beyond this, nothing certain is known of Fiore’s activities in the 15th century. The Morgan and Getty versions both were kept in England during the 19th century, before being moved to duelllatorum present locations in America in the 20th century.

Fior di Battaglia (MS M) ~ Wiktenauer ~☞ Insquequo omnes gratuiti fiant

It has a preface in Italian and one to four illustrated figures per page in the main body; the figures are accompanied by descriptive paragraphs set in poor Italian verse which are nevertheless fairly clear and informative, and generally comparable to that of the MS Ludwig XV 13 excepting differences in spellingthough at times they include additional explanation.

As you will see in my plays that follow here after. The Measure of a Master Swordsman. Combined with other manuals and German Fecthbucher it provides a firm groundwork for understanding authentic fighting from the era skills.

Fior di Battaglia (MS M.383)

The differences between the two versions as depicted above is minimal. Ludwig XV 13 excepting differences in spellingbut at times includes additional explanation.

It is referred to as the Pisani-Dossi manuscript for the last collection flls was a part of before its disappearance. He then began to write the manuscript for the knightly nobility and dedicated his treatise to the marquise.

Flos Duellatorum

The best known image from the Flos Duellatorum is the sette spade seven swords diagram at the beginning of the longsword section fol. This manuscript is typically referred to as the ‘Getty version’.

The following are some specifics which will aid in the ensuing discussion. Yet, Fiore’s prologue has no mention of Nicolo as one of his students demonstrating feats of arms of the knowledge and skills learned from Fiore. Come one by one who knows how to do it and even if you were one hundred I will put you all out of order because of this guard that is so good and strong. The second arms are those of Antonius de bocheria. Sword in Armor by Fiore de’i Liberi.


There is nothing in the prologue which may indicate that Fiore was a member of the Marquis’s court and given Fiore was a reputable and notable swordsman, Nicolo’s library was enhanced with the addition of Fiore’s treatise which he started writing on February 10, and completed the treatise some six months later.

Journal of Western Martial Art

The figures are accompanied by text that is often identical to that of the Ms. See Fiore his masters and his students. The known provenance of the Mss.

Perhaps Nicolo had the desire to become or at least be perceived as a master, given that Fiore states in the prologue that no man has a great enough memory to remember the complete art without the aid of such a book.

This debate continues with vigour in the historical community and further discussion or research on this particular subject is outside the scope of this paper.

The reasons are numerous, but perhaps their greatest value is their collection of illustrations possessing remarkable clarity in conveying the concepts in the art, and the imformative text accompanying each illustration, together creating a recipe for a comprehensive resource supporting today’s research, practice and reconstruction of historical Western fighting arts.

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